There are many stories about its origin. One of them goes like this. The town’s name was formerly Bagadige. According to a popular legend, the town was gifted to the Bajantries (musicians) by Ravana, the king of Lanka who ruled this area. Another interesting tale says, one of the Bijapur kings is said to have presented the town to his daughter as bangle money. Consequently the place acquired the name Bhangdakot, which later became Bagalkot. It is said that this town used to be the market place of Adil Shahi, the emperor of Bijapur. You can still see the old markets which resemble historic Bazaars. Bagalkot is a city situated in the northern part of the Indian state of Karnataka. Geographically, it is located at the co-ordinates 16.18°N 75.7°E , and Situated along the banks of the River Ghataprabha, it lies at an average elevation of 533 meters above sea level. It is the head-quarters of Bagalkot district. It was previously under the administration of Bijapur district and in the year 1997, it became an independent district.
It is at a distance of 90 km away from the city of Bijapur. It consists of two parts – the ‘Old Bagalkot’ and the ‘New Bagalkot’ (Navanagara).Many areas of Old Bagalkot were submerged due to the construction of Almatti Dam, in Bijapur District on River Krishna, which prompted the construction of the planned town of ‘New Bagalkot’,.